AHOM. RELATIONSHIP TO KHlMTI 1KB
The difference hetween KMmti «nd Shan is not so great as it looks, for both lan-
guages freely interchange n and / It will he noticed that Siamese retains the d.
(c) Ahom h usually remains nnchaogedj but sometimes appears in Khamti and Shaa
as ng. Thus, Ahom, hit, an animal of the os species; Khamti and Shan, ngo; Siamese,
ngua,; Shan, also, wo.
(d) Ahom,; becomes Khamti and Shan y Thus,—
. . .
(e) Ahom initial n becomes Khamti and Shan y. Thus, —
(/) In Khamti and Shan, n and I are freely interchangeable Hence we sometimes
find an Ahoin n represented by lt as in Ihom nwt a finger; Khamti Uu; Shan niu.
(g) Ahom r becomes h in Khamti and Shan. Thus,—
compassion Siamese r#k.
we. Siamese rau
. . .
call. Siamese rt'fc.
head. Siamese A«s.
Louse, Siamese rlJen.
It will he seen that Siamese usually retains the r.
In other respects the phonology of Ahom agrees very closely with those of Khamti
Tones.—Ahom, like the modern Tai Ianguages3 undoubtedly used tones. Not only
is this to be gathered from analogy, but there is a distinct tradition to the same effect.
Unfortunately, so far as I have been able to ascertain, tradition is silent as to what tones
were used with words, nor is there, as in Siamese, any system of indicating them in the
written character. It would be a vain task to attempt to show what tones were used
by quoting the analogy of the modern cognate forms of speech, fors in these, the same